black IIS header
afsc headerblack IIS colonrace header
| home | character search | taxon search | pdf report | citations | species dict. | links | contact |


These references pertain to the introduction section. The references, citations, and footnotes for the data are in the footnote section for each taxon. A complete list of those references can be found on the Citations page.

Ambrose, D.A. 1996. Macrouridae: Grenadiers. In H.G. Moser (ed.), The early stages of fishes in the California Current region. CalCOFI Atlas 33, p. 483-499. Allen Press, Lawrence, KS, 1505 p.

ArcInfo Version 9.3 [Computer software]. 2008. ESRI, Inc., Redlands, CA.

Auer, N.A. (ed.) 1982. Identification of larval fishes of the Great Lakes Basin with emphasis on the Lake Michigan drainage. Spec. Publ. 82-3, Great Lakes Fish. Comm., Ann Arbor, MI, 744 p.

Bailey, K.M. 2002. Complex processes in the survival of walleye pollock larvae and forecasting implications. J. Fish. Sci. 68:200-205.

Bailey, K.M., and S.J. Picquelle. 2002. Larval distribution of offshore spawning flatfish in the Gulf of Alaska: potential transport pathways and enhanced onshore transport during ENSO events. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 236:205-217.

Blood, D.M., A.C. Matarese, and M.S. Busby. 2007. Spawning, egg development, and early life history dynamics of arrowtooth flounder (Atheresthes stomias) in the Gulf of Alaska. NOAA Prof. Pap. NMFS 7, 28 p.

Blood, D.M., and A.C. Matarese. 2010. Larval development and identification of the genus Triglops (Scorpaeniformes: Cottidae). NOAA Professional Paper NMFS 10, 43 p.

Busby, M.S. 1998. Guide to the identification of larval and early juvenile poachers (Scorpaeniformes: Agonidae) from the northeastern Pacific Ocean. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Rep., NMFS 137, 88 p.

Cooney, R.T. 1987. Zooplankton. In: D.W. Hood and S.T. Zimmerman (eds.), The Gulf of Alaska physical environment and biological resources, p. 285-303. Minerals Management Service, OCS Study, MMS 86-0095.

Dagg, M., and T.C. Royer (eds.). 2002. Ecology of the Southeastern Bering Sea. Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 49(26):5809-6168.

Danielson, S.L., L. Eisner, C. Ladd, C. Mordy, L. Sousa, and T.J. Weingartner. 2017. A comparison between late summer 2012 and 2013 water masses, macronutrients, and phytoplankton standing crops in the northern Bering and Chukchi Seas. Deep Sea Res. Part II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 135: 7-26.

Doyle, M.J. 1992. Neustonic ichthyoplankton in the northern region of the California Current ecosystem. Calif. Coop. Oceanic. Fish. Invest. Rep. 33:141-161.

Doyle, M.J., W.C. Rugen, and R.D. Brodeur. 1995. Neustonic ichthyoplankton in the western Gulf of Alaska during spring. Fish. Bull., U. S. 93:231-253.

Doyle, M.J., K.L. Mier, M.S. Busby, and R.D. Brodeur. 2002a. Regional variations in springtime ichthyoplankton assemblages in the northeast Pacific Ocean. Prog. Oceanogr. 53:247-281.

Doyle, M.J., S.J. Picquelle, K.L. Mier, M.C. Spillane, N.A. Bond. 2009. Larval fish abundance and physical forcing in the Gulf of Alaska, 1981-2003. Prog. Oceanogr. 80:163-187.

Doyle, M.J., M.S. Busby, J.T. Duffy-Anderson, S.J. Picquelle, and A.C. Matarese. 2002b. Early life history of capelin (Mallotus villosus) in the northwest Gulf of Alaska: a historical perspective based on larval collections October 1977 - March 1979. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 59(5):997-1005.

Duffy-Anderson, J.T., M.S. Busby, K.L. Mier, and C. Deliyanides. 2006. Spatial and temporal patterns in summer ichthyoplankton assemblages on the eastern Bering Sea shelf from 1996-2000. Fish. Oceangr. 15(1):80-94.

Dunn, J.R., and W.C. Rugen. 1989. A catalog of Northwest and Alaska Fisheries Center ichthyoplankton cruises 1965-1988. Alaska Fish. Sci. Cent., Natl. Mar. Fish. Serv., NOAA, 7600 Sand Point Way NE, Seattle WA 98115. AFSC Proc. Rep.89-04, 87 p.

Fahay, M.P. 1983. Guide to the early stages of marine fishes occurring in the western North Atlantic Ocean, Cape Hatteras to the southern Scotian Shelf. J. Northwest Atl. Fish. Sci. 4:1-423.

Fujii, E. 1984. Myctohpidae. In H. Masuda, K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Ueno, and T. Yoshino (eds.), The fishes of the Japanese archipelago, p. 64-75. Tokai Univ. Press, Tokyo, 437 p.

Grebmeier, J.M., and W. Maslowski. 2014. The Pacific Arctic Region: An Introduction. In Grebmeier, J.M., and W. Maslowski (eds.), The Pacific Arctic Region: Ecosystem Status and Trends in a Rapidly Changing Environment, 1-15. Springer, New York, 450 p.

Global Land One-kilometer Base Elevation Task Team (GLOBE) Digital Elevation Model. 1999. Version 1.0. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Geophysical Data Center, 325 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80303, U.S.A. [Online] Available: URL: http://www. (access date - Dec.1999).

Hickey, B.M. 1989. Patterns and processes of circulation over the Washington continental shelf and slope. Coastal oceanography of Washington and Oregon. Elsevier Oceanogr. Series 47:41-116.

Hickey, B.M. 1998. Currents of Santa Monica Bay. Taking a look at California's ocean resources: An agenda for the future. ASCE, Reston, VA, USA.

IOC, IHO, and BODC. 1997. "GEBCO-97: The 1997 edition of the GEBCO digital atlas", published on behalf of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (of UNESCO) and the International Hydrographic Organization as part of the General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO); British Oceanographic Data Center, Birkenhead, Merseyside L43 7RA, U. K.

Jossi, J.W., and R.R. Marak. 1983. MARMAP Plankton Survey Manual. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo., NMFS-F/NEC-21, 258 p.

Landry, M.R., and C.J. Lorenzen. 1989. Abundance, distribution, and grazing impact of zooplankton on the Washington shelf. Coastal oceanography of Washington and Oregon. Elsevier Oceanogr. Series 4:175-210.

Lanksbury, J.A., J.T. Duffy-Anderson, K.L. Mier, and M.T. Wilson. 2005. Ichthyoplankton abundance, distribution and assemblage structure in the Gulf of Alaska during autumn 2000 and 2001. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.64(4):775-785.

Lanksbury, J.A., J.T. Duffy-Anderson, K.L. Mier, M.S. Busby and P.J. Stabeno. 2007. Distribution and transport patterns of northern rock sole, Lepidopsetta polyxstra, larvae in the southeastern Bering Sea. Prog. Oceanogr., 72, 39-62.

Logerwell, E., M. Busby, C. Carothers, S. Cotton, J. Duffy-Anderson, E. Farley, P. Goddard, R. Heintz, B. Holladay, J. Horne, S. Johnson, B. Lauth, L. Moulton, D. Neff, B. Norcross, S. Parker-Stetter, J. Seigle, and T. Sformo. 2015. Fish communities across a spectrum of habitats in the western Beaufort Sea and Chukchi Sea. Prog. Oceanogr., 136, 115-132.

Loughlin, T.R., I.N. Sukhanova, E.H. Sinclair, and R.C. Ferrero. 1999. Summary of biology and ecosystem dynamics in the Bering Sea. In: T.R. Loughlin and K. Ohtani (eds.), Dynamics of the Bering Sea. University of Alaska Sea Grant , AK-SG-99-03, Fairbanks, p.304-321.

Maslowski, W., J.C. Kinney, S.R. Okkonen, R. Osinkski, A.F. Roberts, W.J. Williams. 2014. The large scale ocean circulation and physical processes controlling Pacific-Arctic interactions. In Grebmeier, J.M., and W. Maslowski (eds.), The Pacific Arctic Region: Ecosystem Status and Trends in a Rapidly Changing Environment, 1-15. Springer, New York, 450 p.

Matarese, A.C., A.W. Kendall, Jr., D.M. Blood, and B.M. Vinter. 1989. Laboratory guide to the early life history stages of Northeast Pacific fishes. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Rep., NMFS 80, 652 p.

Matarese, A.C., D.M. Blood, S.J. Picquelle, and J.L. Benson. 2003. Atlas of abundance and distribution patterns of ichthyoplankton from the Northeast Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea ecosystems based on research conducted by the Alaska Fisheries Science Center (1972-1996). NOAA Prof. Paper NMFS 1, 281 p.

Megrey, B.A., S.J. Bograd, W.C. Rugen, A.B. Hollowed, P.J. Stabeno, S.A. Macklin, J.D. Schumacher, and W.J. Ingraham, Jr. 1995. An exploratory analysis of associations between biotic and abiotic factors and year-class strength of Gulf of Alaska walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma). In: R.J. Beamish (ed.), Climate change and northern fish populations, p. 227-243. Can. Spec. Pub. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 121.

Megrey, B.A., A.B. Hollowed, S.R. Hare, S.A. Macklin, and P.J. Stabeno. 1996. Contributions of FOCI research to forecasts of year-class strength of walleye pollock in Shelikof Strait, Alaska. Fish. Oceanogr. 5 (Suppl. 1):189-203.

Morrow, J.E., Jr. 1964. Family Chauliodontidae. In H.B. Bigelow (ed.), Fishes of the western North Atlantic, p. 274-289. Mem. Sears Found. Mar. Res. 1, Pt. 4.

Moser, H.G. (ed.) 1996. The early life stages of fishes in the California Current Region. Calif. Coop. Oceanic Fish. Invest. Atlas No. 33, 1505 p.

Moser, H.G., and W. Watson. 1996. Stomiiformes. In H.G. Moser (ed.), The early stages of fishes in the California Current Region, p. 244-246. Calif. Coop. Oceanic Fish. Invest. Atlas 33, 1505 p.

Napp, J.M., L.S. Incze, P.B. Ortner, D.L. Siefert, and L. Britt. 1996. The plankton of Shelikof Strait, Alaska: standing stock, production, mesoscale variability and their relevance to larval fish survival. Fish. Oceanogr. 5(Suppl. 1):19-38.

Nelson, J.S. 2007. Fishes of the world, 4th ed. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 624 p.

Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea, and J.D. Williams. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, 6th edition. Spec. Publ. 29, Am. Fish. Soc., Bethesda, MD, 386 p.

R.J. Nelson, C.J. Ashjian, B.A. Bluhm, K.E. Conlan, R.R. Gradinger, J.M. Grebmeier, V.J. Hill, R.R. Hopcroft, B.P.V. Hunt, H.M. Joo, D.L. Kirchman, K.N. Kosobokova, S.H. Lee, W.K.W. Li, C. Lovejoy, M. Poulin, E. Sherr, and K.V. Young. 2014. Biodiveristy and biogeography of the lower trophic taxa of the Pacific Arctic Region: Sensitivities to climate change. In Grebmeier, J.M., and W. Maslowski (eds.), The Pacific Arctic Region: Ecosystem Status and Trends in a Rapidly Changing Environment, 1-15. Springer, New York, 450 p.

Orr, J.W., and A.C. Matarese. 2000. Revision of the genus Lepidopsetta Gill, 1862 (Teleostei: Pleuronectidae) based on larval and adult morphology, with a description of a new species from the North Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea. Fish. Bull. 98:539-582.

Parrish, R.H., C.R. Nelson, and A. Bakun. 1981. Transport mechanisms and reproductive success of fishes in the California Current. Bio. Oceanogr. 1(2):175-203.

Porter, S. 2005. Temporal and spatial distribution and abundance of flathead sole (Hippoglossoides elassodon) eggs and larvae in the western Gulf of Alaska. Fish. Bull. 103(4):648-658.

Posgay, J.A. and R.R. Marak. 1980. The MARMAP Bongo Zooplankton Samplers. J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci. 1:91-99.

Randall, J.R., M.S. Busby, A.H. Spear, and K.L. Mier. 2019. Spatial and temporal variation of late summer ichthyoplankton assemblage structure in the eastern Chukchi Sea: 2010-2015. Polar Biol., 42, 1811-1824.

Reed, R.K., and J.D. Schumacher. 1986. Physical Oceanography. In D.W. Hood and S.T. Zimmerman (eds.), The Gulf of Alaska physical environment and biological resources. U. S. Government Printing Office (NTIS# PB87-103230), p. 57-75.

Robins, C. R., R. M. Bailey, C. E. Bond, J. R. Brooker, E. A. Lachner, R. N. Lea, and W. B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Spec. Pub. 20, Am. Fish. Soc., Bethesda. MD 20814-2199, 183 p.

Royer, T.C. 1998. Coastal processes in the northern North Pacific. Chapter 13. In A.R. Robinson and K. H. Brink (eds.), The Sea, Vol. 11, p.395-414. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1062 p.

Rugen, W.C. 2008. Alaska Fisheries Science Center Ichthyoplankton Cruise Database, [Online]. Available: URL: (access date - June 2008)

Sameoto, D.D., and L.O. Jaroszyinski. 1969. Other surface samples: a new neuston net. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 26(8): 2240-2244.

Schumacher, J.D., and P.J. Stabeno, 1998. Continental shelf of the Bering Sea. Chapter 27. In A.R. Robinson and K.H. Brink (eds.), The Sea. Vol. 11, p. 789-822. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1062 p.

Shima, M., and K.M. Bailey. 1994. Comparative analysis of ichthyoplankton sampling gear for early life stages of walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma). Fish. Oceanogr. 3(1):50-59.

Small, L.F., and D.W. Menzies. 1981. Patterns of primary productivity and biomass in a coastal upwelling region. Deep-Sea Res. 28(2A):123-149.

Smith, P.E., and S.R. Richardson. 1977. Standard techniques for pelagic fish egg and larva surveys. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap., No. 175, 100 p.

Springer, A.M., P.C. McRoy, and M.V. Flint. 1996. The Bering Sea Green Belt: shelf-edge processes and ecosystem production. Fish. Oceanogr. 5:205-223.

Stabeno, P.J., R.K. Reed, and J.D. Schumacher. 1995. The Alaska Coastal Current: continuity of transport and forcing. J. Geophy. Res. 100:2477-2485.

Ware, D.M., and G.A. McFarlane. 1989. Fisheries production domains in the Northeast Pacific Ocean. Effects of ocean variability on recruitment and an evaluation of parameters used in stock assessment models. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 108:359-379.

Wang, J.C. 1981. Taxonomy of the early life stages of fishes: Fishes of the Sacramento-San Joaquin estuary and Moss Landing harbor-Elkhorn slough, California. Ecological Analysts, Inc., Concord, CA, 168 p.

Wang, J.C. 1986. Fishes of the Sacramento-San Joaquin estuary and adjacent waters, California: A guide to the early life histories. Interagency Ecological Study Program for the Sacramento-San Joaquin Estuary. Tech. Rep. 9, 602 p. [Avail. Ecological Analysts, Inc., 2150 John Glenn Drive, Concord, CA 94520.]

Wang, J., H. Eicken, Y. Yu, X. Bai, J. Zhang, H. Hu, D. Wang, M. Ikeda, K. Mizobata, and J.E. Overland. 2014. Abrupt climate changes and emerging ice-ocean processes in the Pacific Arctic Region and the Bering Sea. In Grebmeier, J.M., and W. Maslowski (eds.), The Pacific Arctic Region: Ecosystem Status and Trends in a Rapidly Changing Environment, 1-15. Springer, New York, 450 p.

| contact | privacy | disclaimer | accessibility |

last updated: June 2021